java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: Could Not Initialize Class com.dianping.cat.message.internal.DefaultMessageProducer

在使用的时候程序中经常会报如下错误:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
[WARN][2020-09-27 11:41:24:908][][][nioEventLoopGroup-3-6][io.netty.channel.DefaultChannelPipeline][1152]- An exceptionCaught() event was fired, and it reached at the tail of the pipeline. It usually means the last handler in the pipeline did not handle the exception.
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: Could not initialize class com.dianping.cat.message.internal.DefaultMessageProducer
at com.dianping.cat.Cat.initializeInternal(Cat.java:311)
at com.dianping.cat.Cat.checkAndInitialize(Cat.java:72)
at com.dianping.cat.Cat.getProducer(Cat.java:211)
at com.sample.logserver.handler.ActionHandler.channelRead0(ActionHandler.java:38)
at com.sample.logserver.handler.ActionHandler.channelRead0(ActionHandler.java:32)
at io.netty.channel.SimpleChannelInboundHandler.channelRead(SimpleChannelInboundHandler.java:99)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.invokeChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:379)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.invokeChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:365)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.fireChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:357)
at io.netty.handler.codec.MessageToMessageDecoder.channelRead(MessageToMessageDecoder.java:102)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.invokeChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:379)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.invokeChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:365)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.fireChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:357)
at io.netty.channel.CombinedChannelDuplexHandler$DelegatingChannelHandlerContext.fireChannelRead(CombinedChannelDuplexHandler.java:436)
at io.netty.handler.codec.ByteToMessageDecoder.fireChannelRead(ByteToMessageDecoder.java:321)
at io.netty.handler.codec.ByteToMessageDecoder.channelRead(ByteToMessageDecoder.java:295)
at io.netty.channel.CombinedChannelDuplexHandler.channelRead(CombinedChannelDuplexHandler.java:251)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.invokeChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:379)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.invokeChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:365)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.fireChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:357)
at io.netty.channel.DefaultChannelPipeline$HeadContext.channelRead(DefaultChannelPipeline.java:1410)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.invokeChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:379)
at io.netty.channel.AbstractChannelHandlerContext.invokeChannelRead(AbstractChannelHandlerContext.java:365)
at io.netty.channel.DefaultChannelPipeline.fireChannelRead(DefaultChannelPipeline.java:919)
at io.netty.channel.nio.AbstractNioByteChannel$NioByteUnsafe.read(AbstractNioByteChannel.java:163)
at io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoop.processSelectedKey(NioEventLoop.java:714)
at io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoop.processSelectedKeysOptimized(NioEventLoop.java:650)
at io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoop.processSelectedKeys(NioEventLoop.java:576)
at io.netty.channel.nio.NioEventLoop.run(NioEventLoop.java:493)
at io.netty.util.concurrent.SingleThreadEventExecutor$4.run(SingleThreadEventExecutor.java:989)
at io.netty.util.internal.ThreadExecutorMap$2.run(ThreadExecutorMap.java:74)
at io.netty.util.concurrent.FastThreadLocalRunnable.run(FastThreadLocalRunnable.java:30)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)

CAT日志文件/data/appdatas/cat/cat_client_20200927.log中的错误

1
2
[ERROR] [CatLogger] error when read url:http://org.cat/cat/s/launch?ip=&env=unknown&hostname=,exception is org.cat
java.net.UnknownHostException: org.cat

原因是在/etc/profile中配置了

1
export CAT_HOME=/data/appdatas/cat

CAT的jar版本是3.0.0,源代码中读取配置的代码如下

https://github.com/dianping/cat/blob/v3.0.0/cat-client/src/main/java/com/dianping/cat/Cat.java

https://github.com/dianping/cat/blob/82475a28f7839753bc9f09e1e9b8395b6e0008b2/cat-client/src/main/java/com/dianping/cat/Cat.java

可以看到是直接读取CAT_HOME配置,然后和client.xml拼接在一块,形成了client.xml文件的路径,但是我在/etc/profile中配置CAT_HOME值的时候,/data/appdatas/cat路径的最后却少了斜杠/, 导致最终client.xml的绝对路径被识别层了“/data/appdatas/catclient.xml”, 这样肯定配置肯定会读取失败,所以/data/appdatas/cat的末尾加上/之后,程序运行就正常了。
这个问题已经在新版的CAT代码中修复了,所以无论CAT_HOME的值是否加/,都不会影响程序的正常运行。

分享